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WAN Questions

November 28th, 2017 Go to comments

If you are not sure about WAN, please read our WAN tutorial.

Question 1


An example of the output of the “show interface serial …” command is shown below. We can see the line “Encapsulation HDLC”.


Question 2


PPP supports both synchronous (like analog phone lines) and asynchronous circuits (such as ISDN or digital links). With synchronous circuits we need to use clock rate.

Note: Serial links can be synchronous or asynchronous. Asynchronous connections used to be only available on low-speed (<2MB) serial interfaces, but now, there are the new HWICs (High-Speed WAN Interface Cards) which also support asynchronous mode. To learn more about them please visit http://www.cisco.com/en/US/prod/collateral/modules/ps5949/ps6182/prod_qas0900aecd80274424.html.

Question 3


The advantages of leased lines include:
+ Simplicity: Point-to-point communication links require minimal expertise to install and maintain.
+ Quality: Point-to-point communication links usually offer high service quality, if they have adequate bandwidth. The dedicated capacity removes latency or jitter between the endpoints.
+ Availability: Constant availability is essential for some applications, such as e-commerce. Point-to-point communication links provide permanent, dedicated capacity, which is required for VoIP or Video over IP.

The disadvantages of leased lines include:
+ Cost: Point-to-point links are generally the most expensive type of WAN access. The cost of leased line solutions can become significant when they are used to connect many sites over increasing distances. In addition, each endpoint requires an interface on the router, which increases equipment costs.
+ Limited flexibility: WAN traffic is often variable, and leased lines have a fixed capacity, so that the bandwidth of the line seldom matches the need exactly (therefore answer D is not correct). Any change to the leased line generally requires a site visit by ISP personnel to adjust capacity.

(Reference: Connecting Networks Companion Guide Book published by Cisco Networking Academy – Page 54)

Question 4

Question 5


The idea behind a WAN is to be able to connect two DTE networks together through a DCE network. The network’s DCE device (includes CSU/DSU) provides clocking to the DTE-connected interface (the router’s serial interface).


A modem modulates outgoing digital signals from a computer or other digital device to analog signals for a conventional copper twisted pair telephone line and demodulates the incoming analog signal and converts it to a digital signal for the digital device. A CSU/DSU is used between two digital lines -> A & D are correct but B & C are not correct.

For more explanation of answer D, in telephony the local loop (also referred to as a subscriber line) is the physical link or circuit that connects from the demarcation point of the customer premises to the edge of the carrier or telecommunications service provider’s network. Therefore a modem terminates an analog local loop is correct.


Question 6


Below is an example of the output of this command:


The “show controllers serial …” command tells us about the type of the cable (in the case V.35 DTE cable) and the status of the physical layer of the interface. In above output we learn that there is an cable attached on S0/0 interface. If no cable is found we will see the line “No DTE cable” instead.

Question 7


Nowadays all serial links are full-duplex (as serial interfaces have separate Rx & Tx pins) so maybe this question wants to ask about how to check the speed of the serial link. The “show interface” command gives us information about this. An example of this command is shown below:


In this output the speed of S0/0 interface is 1544 Kbits.

Question 8


Full-mesh is a network topology in which there is a direct link between all pairs of nodes. Below is an example of full-mesh topology.


Question 9

Question 10


A newer fiber-optic media development for long-range communications is called dense wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM). DWDM multiplies the amount of bandwidth that a single strand of fiber can support.

DWDM circuits are used in all modern submarine communications cable systems and other long-haul circuits.

Specifically, DWDM:

+ Enables bidirectional communications over one strand of fiber -> Answer A is correct
+ Assigns incoming optical signals to specific wavelengths of light (i.e., frequencies)
+ Each channel is capable of carrying a 10-Gbps multiplexed signal -> Answer E is not correct
+ Can multiplex more than 80 different channels of data (i.e., wavelengths) onto a single fiber -> Answer C is not correct
+ Can amplify these wavelengths to boost the signal strength
+ Supports SONET and SDH standards

Reference: http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=2202411&seqNum=6

Question 11

Comments (23) Comments
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  1. Anonymous
    October 13th, 2017

    B & C

  2. Bhagya
    October 15th, 2017

    @Buddy, there should be in same subnet. or Those two routers in different networks. /24 says 192.168.x is locked. You can change the last 3 digits only. So that connectivity will be up if those two routers become one of 192.168.10.x or 192.168.11.x.

  3. Bhagya
    October 15th, 2017

    ali, B can be happened because lease line are dedicated, not shared.. So if the ISP sends the sufficient bandwidth/throughput, no more latency or traffic issues.
    look C, it is easy of installation because point to point dedicated link with static IP. Once the connections is up, no needs to look at it again till the error are popping up. Expert knowledge is good for repairs again.

  4. mashith
    October 18th, 2017

    Thanks Anonymous will definitely do

  5. mashith
    October 18th, 2017

    is still valid from

  6. Saran
    November 7th, 2017

    hello there are only answers shown i need the
    question for my study pleaase help me

  7. Saran
    November 7th, 2017

    jkonessaran at gmail dot com this is my email

  8. Shraddha Suresh Shinde
    November 9th, 2017

    Hi, I am a Masters student having exposure to all levels- CCNA, CCNP, CCIE with wide range of topics (I can explain my situation as, good at all but expert at nothing). But, I want some assured material, or study notes, so that I can prepare only that and get CCNA R&S certified at first attempt for sure.

    Any help is appreciated.
    Help me at {email not allowed}


  9. anon…
    January 1st, 2018

    hi everyone finally i passed CCNA 9xx/1000 marks
    i faced 2 lab
    1-ospf question
    questions were change

  10. anon…
    January 1st, 2018

    if anyone have queries .i will help

  11. FABIUS
    January 2nd, 2018

    @anon…how many questions were different? Do you remember any questions?tks

  12. hesham
    January 7th, 2018

    anon …changed completely ?

  13. Meo
    January 10th, 2018

    Passed today with 933. 100% Questions from 9tut. Thanks 9tut

  14. Anonymous
    January 11th, 2018

    which type of simulation questions suppose to be in the exam? can anyone please tell me the number of simulation question? My speed of solving a lab question is very slow…. usually i take 22 minutes to do a simple lab configuration.. no. of questions and time limit is sufficient or i need to imrove my speed??

  15. cisc0M
    January 11th, 2018

    Which three circumstances can cause a GRE tunnel to be in an up/down state? (Choose three.)

    A. The tunnel interface IP address is misconfigured.
    B. The tunnel interface is down.
    C. A valid route to the destination address is missing from the routing table.
    D. The tunnel address is routed through the tunnel itself.
    E. The ISP is blocking the traffic.
    F. An ACL is blocking the outbound traffic.
    I had this question but the B answer wasn’t in the multiple choice.
    So I put the answer C, D and A …

  16. shruti
    January 15th, 2018

    what is the reason behind question 4? please justify the answer given.

  17. banay
    January 18th, 2018

    in the cmd output for the router atlanta why it’s written
    interact address is

  18. anon…
    January 24th, 2018

    @hesham some questions were changed

  19. cthelite
    February 16th, 2018

    Question 10 explanation is correct above, but answer is wrong on the questions/answers sheet. It’s also wrong on a lot of other sites. Should be A B D… not C D E.

  20. blaraaa
    March 2nd, 2018

    Can someone send me the latest dumps please and thank you? ifmikey @ yahoo dot com

  21. eldin
    March 2nd, 2018

    There are new CCNA sims for eBGP, iBGP. They are drag&drops…do any of you know what they are? does any one have them and can post them here

  22. eldin
    March 2nd, 2018

    Aslo, there is a new Switching SIM…for VLAN mismatch…did any one of you see them in the latest test this first week of March? if so, can you please post them

  23. waspenterprise
    March 9th, 2018

    Look at the ip address of Brevard router: Remember that they should be on the same subnet, apparently they’re not.

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